Steel Beams Fact Sheet
Steel beams are a type of structural steel common in building and construction. They come in an array of different shapes.
Let’s have a look at the different types of steel beams common in construction, design and for industrial purposes.
Tapered Flange Beams
Taper flange beams are I-shaped sections and are also available in a wide-variety of sizes. In construction these are often used for cross-sections of girders. Though they have quite high resistance ratios, they are not usually recommended when pressure is present along their length as they are not torsion (twisting) resistant.
Universal beams, also known ad I-beams or H-beams, are shaped like their namesake: an ‘I’ when standing upright, and a ‘H’ on their side. Universal beams are usually made of structural steel and are used in construction and civil engineering, among other industries.
Welded beams is made up of 3 individual plates of steel that are welded together, consisting of a top flange, web and bottom flange. Flanges and web dimensions are fabricated to match load requirements along the length of the beam. They are used in construction and for industrial applications such as cranes.
Universal columns are also widely used for structural purposes. They are similar to beams and are often called I-beams or H-beams, however, all three sections are equal in length. As their name suggests, they are mainly used for columns, and have fantastic load-bearing capabilities.
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