Steel sections are the bread and butter of steel fabrication. Designers, architects, and engineers choose different sections for their aesthetics and structural qualities – their choices determined by size, weight, and profile. Steel is extremely versatile and can be moulded into many different shapes.
This means fabricators like Steel Fabrication Services can fashion steel into almost any shape or size, however, this carries a premium. On the other hand, there are many common steel sections that you will see used throughout steel construction and fabrication and would have come across in structures every day.
From circular hollow sections to flat bars, here’s a closer look at the ten most popular steel sections and their common uses.
Angled structural steel sections can either be equal or unequal. Both are right-angled, however, unequal sections have different sized axis’ making them L-shaped. This kind of section is much stronger (up to 20%) with a much higher strength to weight ratios. Angled sections are used in residential construction, infrastructure, mining, and transport. They are also available in a wide range of lengths and sizes.
Parallel Flange Channels
These channeled beams are U-shaped with right-angled corners – a bit like a stick of staples. They come in many different sizes, however, the two sides are always the same length and are parallel to each other. They also offer a high strength to weight ratio and have similar uses to angled sections.
Tapered Flange Beams
Taper flange beams are I-shaped sections and are also available in a wide-variety of sizes. In construction these are often used for cross-sections of girders. Though they have quite high resistance ratios, they are not usually recommended when pressure is present along their length as they are not torsion (twisting) resistant.
Circular Hollow Sections
Circular Hollow Sections have hollow tubular cross sections and have much higher resistance to torsion that tapered flange beams. Thickness of the walls are uniform around the entire circle which makes this beams great for use with multi-axis loading applications.
Rectangular Hollow Sections
Similar to circular hollow sections however they have rectangular cross sections. They are very popular in many mechanical and structural applications. Their flat surfaces make them prime for use in joining and fabrication.
Square Hollow Sections
Like their hollow section brothers but with square cross-sections, these are used in smaller applications such as columns or posts. However, they are unsuitable for beams as their shapes are inherently difficult to bolt into other shapes. They are also known as ‘box sections’.
The most versatile steel section as they require to be attached to another section. In some cases, they can be attached to another section as a strengthening tool. They are also often referred to a ‘plates’ (for example, a checker plate)
Custom Steel Sections
Steel fabricators can custom make steel sections to meet a huge array of building requirements. Learn more about custom steel here.
Steel checker plate, also known as floor plate, are flat plates of metal with collections of square indents for gripping and aesthetic purposes. As their name suggests, they are used in flooring. Thicknesses vary from 3mm to 12mm.
Checker plate is also quite malleable and can be bent or rolled to suit a number of different needs. You may have seen it used for things like tool boxes and storage chests.
Steel mesh is integral in construction, mainly used for concrete reinforcing – thus it is also known as reinforcing steel. It has a wide array of applications including driveway paving, patio and house slabbing, building reinforcement, and uses in rural applications such as fencing. It comes in rectangles and squares.
Steel plate comes in a huge array of styles, finishes, grades, and thicknesses. It can be cut into multiple different sizes, used for many different applications.
Get in touch
If you are considering steel for any construction purposes and would like a professional opinion, we can help. Our team of expert structural steel fabricators has the experience and knowledge to answer any of your questions and will ensure that you find the best solution to suit your needs. To contact us today, simply call fax, email for a steel quote, or drop by our Brookvale location.
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